Sometimes, when you are panning for gold in a river, creek or a stream, you will find clay sticking to the material you've dug up or panned. Call us at 281-558-9948 to order. incorporated into the soil, it reacts with the soil that it contacts as soon as moisture is available. If the soil can be formed into a tight ball that maintains its shape or is moldable, it is suitable for pond construction. If your embark site has at least one type of clay, it will be shown as Clay or Shallow Clay in the embark screen's biome viewer. Monto Clay ®, short for Montmorillonite clay, is a fired clay product used to amend soil. It is also called Ghassoul Clay, Red Clay, and Red Moroccan Clay, and it can only be found under this specific mountain range in Morocco. Top Soil is available in a 40-pound bag. The main disadvantage of this method is that the tree is more prone to falling over in high winds as a mounded tree takes longer to establish roots strong enough to withstand such winds. Various combinations of these provide different qualities to the soil. The lack of soil moisture and wind erosion are the major soil-management problems. Clay can hold a lot of nutrients, and some kinds can hold quite a bit of water, but the structure of clay doesn't let air and water move through it well. Hi Janet,Wow, that’s a lot of clay. The problem is that A17 disabled the recipe to create clay in the furnace and didn't change the recipes that requires Clay to use the Clay Soil instead. Organic matter can help improve structure. With good site conditions and large enough diameter targets to detect, ground penetrating radar can be used to locate PVC in soils, under concrete, and beneath asphalt; however, metal reinforcing material in the concrete and clay soils can complicate matters. We have proven success with over 200 million square feet of clay soil with a record unmatched with no soil failures. This reaction makes clay soil very slow to drain and plants often become. What can I plant in my clay soil? I have a corner of my section which has heavy clay soil with poor drainage. This video provides an example of the impact of even thin layers of clay in soil. They easily pack and stack themselves into tight soils with little pore spaces, creating heavy soils that don't drain. A bad mix will result with a delay in growth and as well in health. Garden Worms for Clay Soil: Reply by: Pauly Great questions, and just so every one knows I am not an Alabama jumper expert but they are a redworm and my supplier brags about their ability to turn clay soil into a rich soil amendment. We didn’t plan it that way, it’s just how it worked out. The soil mentioned in the post is alkaline and even acidic rain is not making it acidic. Shop Online for the Largest Selection of Kilns, Pottery Wheels, Glaze, Tools, Accessories and more Products only at Clay-King. Buy products related to clay dirt products and see what customers say about clay dirt products on Amazon. The ultimate load capacity of a footing can be estimated by assuming a failure mechanism and then applying the laws of statics to that mechanism. this technique only works on some clay soils - to find out if this will work for you, please see the following test: Clay Soil Test NOTE: * The ABC cannot recommend or endorse commercial products. For earthbags & plaster, you'll want soil that's between about 18% and 30% clay. 1, can be calculated once the change in voids ratio is known. Smaller diameter metal utilities are often more easily located than dry or empty PVC. This black soil is appropriate to use in places where you need a solid clay-based soil, such as around a home’s foundation or as the base of a berm. ) My professor would have us add a bit of table salt to the sample as a sodium source when we would conduct soil sample tests in the lab. Akadama is a clay soil, and will be very compact and poor of oxygen, harming the roots when broken down. Stone & Soil Depot. Clay soil can look different in different places, but it usually acts the same way: it tends to be slow to drain, quick to harden, and. 1 Settlement of a single layer We have seen in the previous chapter that : i f i e e e h h + − = ∆ 1. Expanded clay pebbles can be used in various other ways around the garden. Ratings range from 0 to 100. Clay soils can create problems in lawns. Starting a vegetable garden in clay soil is possible if you have patience and stick to the rules. ** As of a17, Clay soil is used to make clay in the forge. This process fills the clay with little air bubbles, making it perfect for holding oxygen as well as moisture around plant roots. You can use a variety of organic materials to amend soil for hydrangeas. Zoysia is THE answer for slopes, play areas and bare spots. This will make it easier for grass seeds to find their way into the dirt once you start sowing. Most soils are a mixture of clay, sand, and loam. Lime changes the pH and so increases the stability of the clay, improving the structure of the soil. If clay can flow and forms a pan then the soil will have problems. They stay soggy when wet, and turn rock hard when they dry out in the summer. Clay soil is much less porous than sandy soil. Texture indicates the relative content of particles of various sizes, such as sand, silt and clay in the soil. It feels smooth and powdery. They easily pack and stack themselves into tight soils with little pore spaces, creating heavy soils that don't drain. Sandy soil is often cursed by gardeners but sand can be a wonderful thing. Soil sodicity also results in poor soil structure, as the aggregates break down and disperse. If your soil only has one or two components to it, it will be difficult to know what the layer(s) are. With just a few clicks you can now buy your desired potting soil online. com™ is the leader in online sales and delivery of bulk landscape and construction materials. As you have found grass finds it hard to get roots into a compacted clay subsoil. This cultivar could be a substitute in sunny places for the dogwood. Loamy Soil - A mixture of sand, silt, and clay this is by far the best soil for cultivation. Get Pricing Now. If the soil sticks together and you can press out water this indicates a lot of clay. Bulk density increases with compaction and tends to increase with depth. Clay is smooth when dry and sticky, or plastic when wet. This particular type of clay is found in a number of beauty products such as scrubs and deodorants because of its drying effects. Buy products related to clay dirt products and see what customers say about clay dirt products on Amazon. To fix mucky clay or sandy sand soil, add plenty of organic matter. And clay's tendency to hold water tightly can be an advantage. Posted | 26 comments. USA Gypsum also offers transportation solutions nationwide and is an experienced exporter. Below the A and B horizons is the C horizon, a zone of little or no humus accumulation or soil structure development. Heave is the expansion of the ground beneath part or all of the building. Estimating Soil Texture – CMG #S14, page 3 The soil texture triangle gives names associated with various combinations of sand, silt and clay. Since 1998 USA Gypsum has been providing quality gypsum products for soil conditioning, cement, gypsum drywall and much more. It can store important plant nutrients—a good foundation to build on when conditioning clay soil. This index measures how well the clay soil will maintain its plastic characteristics. As mentioned previously, cultivation can have a large impact on infiltration, as can the organic matter levels in the soil. The variations from that ideal loam are classified as sandy, silty or clayey loam. To get a healthy lawn, your soil will ideally be made up of a balance of sand, silt and clay. The clay soil is thick and clumpy, limiting water and airflow and. An index can be used to rate the potential yield of one soil against that of another over a period of time. Clay isn’t the only type of soil that negatively impacts foundations. I recently laid turf and didn't compact it so lifted it all up again. Locate your area of interest on the map sheet. Clay is smooth when dry and sticky, or plastic when wet. Soil amendments are used to improve the soil structure. It also helps to break up the native clay found around here. The result is a sparse lawn with poor drainage. It's prone to waterlogging in winter and cracking in summer, but it's also nutritious and moisture retentive. All of the clay I found was located in riverbanks. I recommend that you check the price To get a cheap price or good deal. Is gypsum a cost-effective solution for your calcium and sulfur needs? Check soil tests and consult your agronomist. Building good garden soil is not the work of an afternoon, but if you invest the time and energy it takes, you can create sandy loam soil that your plants will love. Most of the water in a clay soil is so tightly bound to the clay particles that plants can't get it loose. Clay and Modeling Materials. Background. Now for the second part of the question: How can sand be a soil? Well, all soils are made up of mineral materials (sand, silt, and clay), organic material (decomposing plant parts), water, and air. Clay can hold a lot of nutrients, and some kinds can hold quite a bit of water, but the structure of clay doesn't let air and water move through it well. Five different soil types are classified as clay: clay, clay loam, sandy clay, silty clay, and fire clay. As a quick guide, a handful of moist clay soil is easily squeezed to form into a ball or rolled into a sausage shape. Roots can penetrate loamy soil and it drains well. In Ireland, the soil you are most likely to find is fertile brown earth - although it is very shallow. THE PROBLEM: Clay soils lack organic matter and have a soil structure so dense that water has a tough time penetrating, though when it does it remains in excess. That blue clay if it's wet is slicker than owl you know what. See coupon for details. An index can be used to rate the potential yield of one soil against that of another over a period of time. Silt particles are smaller than fine sand but can still be seen by the human eye. Potted plants and raised beds will likely benefit if the soil or mix is compacted or poorly draining. Or bury a long downspout diverter underground and drain the water to the curb, a storm drain, or to a spot in your yard where the water will percolate into the soil. The sandy soil, therefore, wouldn’t hold as much water than the clay soil would so you’d need to water the clay soil more often to be sure the plants get a sufficient amount of water. Dig a shallow hole in the new soil, place your succulent in it, then gently cover the roots with more of the potting soil to stabilize the plant. Houston black gumbo, a sticky, heavy clay soil, was one of the first soils specifically classified as gumbo. It also has unique chemical and physical properties that contribute to its use. Central Florida's climate is a bit more mild than that of North Florida. Topdressing materials are evenly applied in a thin layer, typically ¼ inch (6. Buy Organic. Soil minerals come in three basic categories: sand, silt and clay. These soils differ from sand soils by having a greater tendency to form a crust, which is often very hard. I will show you the process of how I process it for pottery I know you are here because you wanted to know about finding clay and. Welcome to our page where we list our preferred soil location. Hi, I have spent ages looking up what to do with my problem but can not find a solution for various reasons. Sandy loam usually is around neutral pH and affords good water drainage, root permeability and adequate nutrition. Since 1998 USA Gypsum has been providing quality gypsum products for soil conditioning, cement, gypsum drywall and much more. This stuff is cheap so maybe you can experiment and see for yourself. Japanese lilacs are very adaptable as to soil and pH requirements and grow well in clay soil. State the characteristics of sandy soil. Check Before buying: It can be any kind of rock really, just do a vinegar test. Sodic soils are found mainly in arid regions of the western United States. 1, can be calculated once the change in voids ratio is known. Sodium bentonite has proven to be one of the most effective sealants on the market. Custom Soil Blends Perfect for specialized needs. It is rich and fertile. Pinot Noir grows best in less deep sandy loam or clay soils, like those found in the south and southeast facing rocky hills sides of Oregon's Willamette Valley. Bermuda grass will grow across sand faster than it will in soil. From "natural" green, to chartreuse, to deep purple, to salmon and more, there is a heuchera to accent any dappled-sunlight garden. Regardless of the type, with proper planting techniques you can successfully plant and grow shrubs in any type of clay soil. decrease with time. Conversely, because it's humus compost, Soil 3 improves drainage in heavy clay soils. I'd stockpile the blue clay and use it to pack in the areas that don't hold water that well. The compost of your liking can be used. See coupon for details. It’s best if you chop the leaves before adding them to the garden. Is gypsum a cost-effective solution for your calcium and sulfur needs? Check soil tests and consult your agronomist. The result can be a more difficult soil to manage than the original clay. This sometimes causes drainage problems when used by itself. I've tried gardening stores and Home Depot but I can't find anything! All they have is potting soil and that's not what I'm looking for. Clay is the smallest soil particle. Clay in soil helps to slow the loss of fertilizer to the water, keeping it in the soil pot where the roots access it. Then, when the sun finally comes out and the soil dries, it forms a hard, cracked surface. ClayMend can improve your clay soil by improving the environment of the soil. Buy at this store. They can also lighten heavy clay soils and help to retain moisture in lighter sandy soils. Soil with great texture allows plant roots to spread,. Given: Saturated clay soil layer thickness = H, cross-sectional area = A, existing overburden pressure = po, increase in pressure = ∆p, Find: resulting primary consolidation settlement ρc Change in volume is ∆V =−ρcA , change in volume is equal to the change in volume of. In the Charlotte area, we can all attest to the fact that clay is the predominant ingredient and while many of us bemoan our clay soil, clay in and of itself is not a bad thing. Facts about Clay Soil 2: the color. Some people in search results are saying it would struggle to soak up the water, or that it would soak. ) If you dig a hole in heavy soil and fill it back with a light soil mixture, you may be creating a bucket which will hold significant water. Sometimes you can find/buy a soil that already has the ideal ratio of sand to clay. Buy products related to clay dirt products and see what customers say about clay dirt products on Amazon. Check other interesting facts about clay soil below: Facts about Clay Soil 1: phyllosilicate minerals. The density of clay is the cause of the two biggest drawbacks of clay loam. The soil texture is gritty yet very well drained. Nutisoil was designed to help amend the local high silt and clay soils. Bedrock, frozen soils, dense soils, cemented soils, saturated soils, and a clay layer are examples of restrictive layers. 5 in water (Velde, 1995). Do not use the pebbles in place of soil outdoors. Clay soils have tiny, dense particles that hold large reserves of moisture and nutrients. White Kaolin Clay. There are numerous types of minerals found in the soil. Non-organic matter in the form of sand or grit can help to improve soil structure and drainage, especially if you have a heavy clay soil. The dashed line is the original soil level. This stuff is cheap so maybe you can experiment and see for yourself. Soils with smectite clay minerals, such as montmorillonite, exhibit the most profound swelling properties. Improving the productivity of your Georgia red clay soil is possible. Plants take root among the rock fragments and bind them together. Clay soil is a very dense substance that can cause major drainage problems for your plants. Undrained shear strength is the soil strength when the soil can't drain under shear stress (i. A Primary mineral comes directly from rock: like pyrite (fools gold). It also adds density to the soil, which allows plants to grow stronger and taller. ) If you dig a hole in heavy soil and fill it back with a light soil mixture, you may be creating a bucket which will hold significant water. Clay soils are a paramount component to the great Tempranillo-based wines of Rioja, Spain. To do the ribbon or feel test, take a handful of soil from about 3 inches under the ground's surface. Montmorillonite is sold under other brand names such as Turface MVP®. First things first: you need to be sure you have it before you start learning how to fix clay soil. If you are unsure about whether your soil is clay or not, there is a simple soil test you can do using a sample of soil from your garden. The relative amount of clay has great importance in the soil. If drainage is improved, plants grow well as it holds more nutrients than many other soils. Water is essential for clay mineral formation and most clay minerals are described as hydrous alumino silicates. Still, “soil” is a more precise word for the earth under our feet than “dirt. Even if you want to swap your soil. PolyPavement is the original "Natural Soil Pavement. You can add gypsum to clay soils that are puddling/not allowing ANY water to drain to encourage aggregates. For non-cohesive soils the values should be reduced by 50% if the water table is above or near base of footing. If you check the stability of sand and dry clay, the latter one is more stable. If clay can flow and forms a pan then the soil will have problems. Dig or rototill compost into the soil before planting. While the plants listed prefer or tolerate clay conditions, it's always good to amend the soil with compost on a routine basis to provide nutrients for the plants. Maintaining a garden can be difficult under the best of circumstances, but is even harder when your soil is stiff, clumpy and uncooperative. How to turn organic waste, such as kitchen scraps & vegetable peelings into rich fertilizer to not only enrich your soil but also save much space in the country landfill? Let the worms do the magic for you! If you have a garden or even some potted plants, the best worms for compost provides the greatest way to feed and nurture them. Japanese lilacs are very adaptable as to soil and pH requirements and grow well in clay soil. Soil Horizons Soil is made up of many layers. This heating process causes the clay to expand. It is named in honor of Henry Clay, a famous American statesman, member of the United States Senate from Kentucky, and United States Secretary of State in the 19th century. Sandy loam soil is a very desirable soil when planting garden plants. Properties of. If you are thinking about learning how to process clay from the ground but are wondering where to find natural clay deposits, here are some good places to look: river banks, stream beds, construction sites, road cuts, naturally exposed earth such as in canyons or gullies. This is only possible because of the rich agricultural soil of the American midwest, which contains abundant clay minerals, and has an optimum soil consistency. Small pieces of white chalk in the soil are an obvious sign, though often these are not apparent, especially where the soil is deep and clay-like. After only one or two seasons the akadama will break down and begin decreasing its value is the experience I have. If your embark site has at least one type of clay, it will be shown as Clay or Shallow Clay in the embark screen's biome viewer. Smelting Clay into Ceramic and creating Drill Mod 1, nets 6 items, each of which is worth 0. If there is more than 30% clay in the loam, it is known as clay loam. Rotting leaves, compost and other additives I can find at the nursery. Silt particles are smaller than fine sand but can still be seen by the human eye. By The Way, if you find clay from tilled dirt, start tilling the soil directly up. The sandy particles will settle first, then the smaller silty particles and, last of all, the clay. ClayMend is a liquid soil amendment that promotes an increase in beneficial biological activity. , clay-loam, sand-loam, silt-loam, or loam), do not even attempt to grow a vegetable garden in that soil. We know clay inside and out! If you are not sure which product is right for you, email us, and we'll be glad to help. However, clay soil is susceptible to compaction, which can make it difficult for the moisture and nutrients to reach plant roots and for roots to penetrate the soil. Good top soil should include sand. Note the number of the map sheet and go to that sheet. may I tell you a little about clay, we regard it as thick guey stuff, but we are wrong infact clay is verry fine, finer than the sharp sand you want to brake it up with, what you should be doing is binding it togather,I use peat or leafmold, to turn it from fine flower to granulated sugger so to speak, may be hard to belive, but it is true. There are numerous types of minerals found in the soil. This soil is made with the right blend of sand, silt, clay, and organic matter to create a nutrient rich long lasting product. However, it can be claggy in winter, and baked solid in summer, and only certain plants can survive these conditions. It is most beneficial in the upper part of the soil where plant roots concentrate. Inside the mineral structure, you can find the trapped water. Still, “soil” is a more precise word for the earth under our feet than “dirt. Heavy to cultivate. Call 972-831-8181. Find quality soil amendments online or in store. Poor soil can describe a range of conditions. This means you can stash Redmond Clay in your natural remedy cabinet and it will pull all sorts of double and triple duties for you (with more specifics on that below). Zoysia is THE answer for slopes, play areas and bare spots. Bulk is available in select areas. Soil pH is the measure of acidity or alkalinity in the soil. (Yes, with all of the digging up soil and breaking up clumps of grass and dirt, gold prospecting can sometimes resemble gardening). The flower color is white to creamy white. It's far better to grow plants that thrive in clay soil and the good news is that there are some great plants to choose from. Clay ranges in color from reds, oranges, grays and whites and others depending on the mineral composition. Potentially expansive soils can typically be recognized in the lab by their plastic properties. You definitely can add sand to clay to loosen it but you have to add a lot to do any good. You can buy compost in bags, but I almost always go for bulk. We have taken the time to locate some of the better soils in this area to provide you with an awesome location and price of quality soil. Each soil order is then subdivided into more detailed categories at multiple levels. You can't garden very well in clay soil. , makers of commercial and home garden potting mixes. Some common soil types The Cannabis Grow Bible. The State is well known for its abundance of "Georgia Red Clay". Loam soil holds moisture but also drains well when you water the lawn. They take longer to warm up in spring and by summer they've turned to concrete. Over this, the compost and clay soil mix can go, together with the wood shavings, again. Sorry if it sounds pessimistic ( the outlook is good in the longer term) The soil can be improved by digging in lots of organic material and manure. Tips on How to Process Clay. Sometimes you can find/buy a soil that already has the ideal ratio of sand to clay. Smaller particles (i. Soil sodicity also results in poor soil structure, as the aggregates break down and disperse. Can new sod be placed directly on top of clay soil? April 5, 2011 • I moved into a new subdivision where the yards were, of course, very hard clay (no top soil remained after the construction). To successfully grow plants in clay soils it’s important to both build up the soil with good organic matter and break up the clay with special additives. Soils with a higher clay content need more organic matter than those that already have a well-draining structure. Since 1998 USA Gypsum has been providing quality gypsum products for soil conditioning, cement, gypsum drywall and much more. While deep tillage will help temporarily, the parts. Drought and water restrictions will not be as damaging to gardens or lawns. Some common choices include pea gravel, river stone and aquarium sand. Once the soil has been allowed to dry considerably, the mixing phase can begin. Clay soil is any type of soil that contains a high percentage of clay particles. Clay Soils. It's a time consuming, but simple process. On the other hand, if you build on soft clay soil or if there's a soft zone under part of your foundation, there can be trouble. It can become poorly aerated, too. This generalized list is a starting point for finding plants for your clay soil garden. How to make the best of a clay soil garden. In “The Martian,” Mark Watney uses the Martian soil to grow potatoes in the controlled environment of the “Hab. Here is a break down of the common traits for each soil type:. The combinations of these determine the soil’s properties – its texture, structure, porosity, chemistry and colour. Loam - This is soil contains a mixture of clay, silt and sand, as well as some organic matter. Muscular wines with high extract and color. Texture indicates the relative content of particles of various sizes, such as sand, silt and clay in the soil. The conditions were solid clay w/ little or no grass or weeds on it. These layers are often called horizons. Particle Size Using water, soda bottles, and soil, students can use "the bigger they are, the faster they fall" principle to find out whether sand, silt, or clay is made of larger particles. Bentonite Clay for Ponds Bentonite for pond sealing. Larger, sand-sized fractions are found closer to the water source. This is the substance most often included in a good bonsai soil mix. Is absolutely brilliant technique. Additionally, once your lawn clay begins to open up, the soil becomes healthier and earthworms will start to appear in your soil in greater numbers. Welcome to SoilDirect™ SoilDirect. The soil texture is gritty yet very well drained. Rotted bits of wood persist as organic matter for a long time, enhancing the soil’s ability to retain nutrients and moisture, which results in bigger, better crops. Note the map unit symbols that are in that area. However, different types of soil minerals hold and retain differing amounts of nutrients. All you need are, a few containers, some soil, water, and a cloth. Hydrangea colour is an indication of the pH value of your soil. It can mean compacted and hard pan soil, soil with excessive clay, extremely sandy soil, dead and nutrient depleted soil, soil with high salt or chalk, rocky soil, and soil with extremely high or low pH. Ideally, you want to have an equal amount of each. When one mixes a sandy and a clay soil together, the large pore spaces of the sandy soil are filled with the smaller clay particles. They are dense and compacted and have poor drainage. Loamy Soil – A mixture of sand, silt, and clay this is by far the best soil for cultivation. Water is essential for clay mineral formation and most clay minerals are described as hydrous alumino silicates. Peaty soil contains a lot of organic matter and is very dark in colour. It's best if you chop the leaves before adding them to the garden. There are many more types of soil mediums out there and here we will briefly go through a few. Soil for Raised Beds. Choosing plants for clay soil can be tricky as cold heavy clay soils can prove rather inhospitable for many ornamental plants. Gypsum, lime, the product sold at Bunnings ( Clay breaker a smelly black liquid ) all the compost you can scrounge or buy, dig pits and fill with all of the above. It is most beneficial in the upper part of the soil where plant roots concentrate. so, i need clay to make a silo but i cant find any, i've already tried toiling soil, which doesnt get me any, is there a place were you can buy clay? or a more efficient way of finding clay? thx in advance You Can Get Them From The Worms, Geodes, And Tilling Dirt. Put some of it in between your forefinger and thumb, and work your thumb over the top of it with a little pressure. The first step is to determine what kind of soil you have. Bulk density increases with compaction and tends to increase with depth. Soil tests by a reputable lab can tell you whether sodium is a problem in your particular soil. This index measures how well the clay soil will maintain its plastic characteristics. It does not need to be mixed well; one or two passes will suffice. This is largely due to the type of parent material of most Hawaii soils, which is basalt. When it is very wet, it swells to retains water, which makes it difficult to work with. Avoid letting the soil around your house completely dry out and shrink during a long dry spell. For twenty-five years Champion Landscape Supplies has provided Houston area homeowners and businesses alike with major league spec baseball clay, softball clay, mulches, soils, composts, aggregates, and quality grass. To successfully grow plants in clay soils it’s important to both build up the soil with good organic matter and break up the clay with special additives. The relative amount of clay has great importance in the soil. Clay soil is the curse of many Bay Area gardens. Most people consider it a good rule of thumb to have even amounts of silt, sand, and clay for the perfect gardening spot. A: In the simplest terms, clay, is soil. This place isn't named Sringville without good reason. What can I plant in my clay soil? I have a corner of my section which has heavy clay soil with poor drainage. While sand does not expand and contract like clay soils, it can be washed away, creating gaps beneath a foundation. Properties of. It can be described as a balanced mixture of clay, sand, silt and a modicum of organic matter. Muscular wines with high extract and color. When it is very wet, it swells to retains water, which makes it difficult to work with. What happens if I add too much clay? Too much clay will make your cob crack when it dries. A restrictive soil layer is capable of perching groundwater above the layer. Ideal soil for gardening are sometimes known as loam, or loamy soil, and it has a broad mixture of sand, clay, intermediate mineral particles, and a heavy does of organic material. In “The Martian,” Mark Watney uses the Martian soil to grow potatoes in the controlled environment of the “Hab. Soil type can vary drastically within a single site. Even if you have loam. Any clay soil will benefit from efforts to improve its texture. The downside is that clay soil could be very heavy to work with when it gets dry. The State is well known for its abundance of "Georgia Red Clay". Rock-hard when dry. No sign of life in my garden soil. you can get me on [email protected] As organic matter decomposes, it provides plant nutrients, improves soil texture, structure, and water holding capacity,.